Yes, 'viral arthritis' involves joint pain development during or following a viral infection.
Perhaps the most common cause would be in adults exposed to Parvovirus (also called slapped cheek syndrome in children because of the facial appearance it causes).
This can spread rapidly within schools, and while the infected children don't suffer the joint pain, teachers and parents of those children do.
However, that is just one virus that can lead to joint pain. There are others but Parvovirus is the most common.
In such a situation, the joint pain will clear up within a few weeks.
Other viral causes, such as hepatitis B and C, are chronic, as will be the joint pain.
Whether or not your pain is caused by a virus, you may find the symptoms ease with some Atrogel® applied twice daily for the duration.
Hope you're feeling better soon