It is common for cystitis sufferers to notice an unusual smell or colour to their urine. Some describe the smell as particularly strong, foul or even rotten. Often this is accompanied by particularly dark or cloudy urine.
This can be both unpleasant and worrisome, but generally improves quickly once you are recovering from the bladder infection.
Cystitis occurs when the bacterium Escherichia coli becomes too prominent in the bladder, causing an infection; this can cause the urine to become smelly and cloudy. The presence of the bacteria in the urine alters the chemical balance in the urine, changing its smell, usually to something perceived to be unpleasant.
Additionally, not drinking enough water can cause the urine to become more concentrated and smellier. For many people with cystitis, drinking enough can become a problem as they feel they have to go to the toilet too often, or it is painful to pee. However, enough water can help to reduce many problematic symptoms, such as burning when peeing, as well as flush the infection out of the body more quickly.
The bacterial build-up in the urine can also alter the appearance of your urine. This is particularly likely if your bladder is not emptying properly, and urine is stagnating in the bladder.
Often cloudy urine indicates sediment in the bladder as a result of infection, or is sometimes due to types of food that have been eaten, particularly amongst diabetics who struggle to break down sugar effectively.
As mentioned above, drinking plenty of water is important in order to dilute the urine, reducing both odour and colour. This will also help to flush bacterial build-up and sediment out of the bladder, clearing the infection. Emptying your bladder frequently is important in preventing bacteria from settling and worsening the infection.
Certain foods and drinks can discolour your urine and change its smell. For example, asparagus is renowned for giving urine a particularly acrid smell, as can coffee. Other foods, such as refined sugar, can make your urine cloudy, while strongly coloured foods, such as beetroot, can change the hue of your pee.
Therefore, if you notice certain foods seem to trigger an unusual smell or colour in your urine, try eliminating these from your diet to see if your symptom improves.
For general diet advice, read my blog post on diet tips for cystitis.
If symptoms of smelly and cloudy urine persist for more than a few days, this should be checked by a doctor. If your doctor suspects that a bacterial infection is at the root then it is likely that antibiotics will be prescribed to clear the infection. This should ensure that your symptoms quickly improve too.